Dereszla Wine Cellar

The history of the Dereszla Wine Cellar, one of the oldest wine cellar systems in the village, formed by the merging of several cellar structures, is really interesting. The first written record of the cellar dates back to the 15th century, when the cellars belonging to King Sigismund of Hungary were used to collect and store the tithes provided in wine. From the 1450s, the cellar was owned by the Renaissance ruler King Matthias. In the 16th century it belonged to the Habsburgs, later from 1605 the Transylvanian rulers controlled the manor and its cellars on the northern side of the Dereszla hill. In 1699, Julianna Rákóczi became the owner of the cellar, who was then the wife of Lieutenant General Count Ferdinand-Gobert Aspremont-Reckheim. By the end of the 18th century, by the marriage of the last daughter descendant the winery with a turbulent history became a Wolkenstein estate, and this family owned it until 1945. The highest and youngest cellar of the current cellar system, excavated in the early 19th century, belonged to a Jewish family of wine merchants in Sopron, which was nationalised after the Second World War.

One of the most important events in the history of Hungary's struggle for independence was the 1848-49 War of Independence, one of the battles of which was fought in the Bodrogkeresztúr area, and one of the relics of which is found at the Dereszla Winery, as a cannonball was drilled into the wall. You can also learn more about the history of the Battle of Bodrogkeresztúr in the Treasure Trove of Keresztúr.